Following the sad death of their mother,Willow, five cheetah cubs are being given a helping hand by a canine surrogate mother.
The cubs were born via C-section at the Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden’s Cheetah Breeding Facility on March 8. Zoo vets were hopeful that their five-year-old mother would make a full recovery following surgery, but she remained lethargic and lost her appetite and sadly passed away.
“Cheetahs are a fragile species and this difficult birth proved to be too much for her to pull through” said Thane Maynard, Director of the Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden. “Willow was able to contribute to the survival of her species by producing five cheetah cubs. Without the C-section, we likely would have lost both the mom and the cubs.”
The cubs have been receiving critical care in the Zoo’s nursery since they were born. Nursery staff have been bottle-feeding the premature cubs every three hours and closely monitoring their weight. Australian shepherd “Blakely,” the Zoo’s resident nursery companion and former nanny to several Zoo babies, has been called into action to provide snuggling, comfort and a body to climb.
“They really turned a corner this weekend. They opened their eyes, had good appetites and, most importantly, they pooped!” said Head Nursery Keeper Dawn Strasser of the cubs. “It’s important to keep their digestive system moving. We’ve been massaging their bellies and giving them opportunities to exercise as much as possible.”
Blakely will have his paws full with this assignment. “His first job is to let the cubs climb on him, which they did as soon as they were put together. They need the exercise to build muscle tone and get their guts moving,” said Strasser, who supervises daily climbing sessions and other interactions with Blakely.
As the cubs grow, Blakely’s role in their development will shift from climbable companion and hairy warm body to teacher and role model. He taught his last student, a baby takin named Dale, to jump up on rocks and to keep his head butts in the gentle range. His first charge, a single cheetah cub named “Savanna,” learned the difference between a playful bite and the start of a fight from Blakely.
The cubs (3 boys and 2 girls) will remain in the nursery for at least 8-12 weeks. After that, they will be hand-raised and trained to be cheetah ambassadors. Visitors may be able to view the cubs through the nursery windows, but some feedings and exams will take place behind the scenes.
Since cheetah breeding is most successful in both the wild and in zoo settings when cheetahs have multiple mates to choose from, the cheetah SSP has set up several Regional Cheetah Breeding Facilities in zoos across the U.S. for the purpose of breeding genetically important animals. The Cincinnati Zoo is one of nine AZA-accredited institutions that participate in a cheetah Breeding Center Coalition (BCC). Working closely with the Cheetah Species Survival Plan (SSP), the BCC’s goal is to create a sustainable cheetah population that will prevent extinction of the world’s fastest land animal.
Cheetahs are endangered, and their population worldwide has shrunk from about 100,000 in 1900 to an estimated 9,000 to 12,000 cheetahs today.